Sunday, March 15, 2020

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: March 16, 2020

The world feels like it has turned upside down since the last #a2council meeting. Still, the gears of government grind on. Here's the agenda for the March 16 meeting.

The evening kicks off with a 20 item consent agenda. There are 4 street closings for various festivals, concerts, and races between May 10 and July 10. Will these events happen? Maybe. Hard to say at this point.

There is one public hearing on a township island rezoning.

On to ordinance first readings. C-1 is the entertainment noise district, though the link on the agenda isn't there so I don't know what's up with that. C-2 is a routine township island rezoning. C-3 through C-7 are all rezoning land as parkland. All in all we are getting 35.8 new acres of parkland. Nice.

The item I am most excited about is DC-3. This resolution would direct Planning Commission to create a Transit Supported Development District. My understanding is that this would allow for greater density and remove parking minimums along transit corridors (e.g. State, Plymouth, Washtenaw). I think this would be a great way of helping the city reach its carbon goals and I hope it passes.

Well gentle reader, that's a pretty short preview. What items are you most excited about? Remember to tune into CTN at 7pm and follow all the action on the #a2council hashtag.

Monday, March 2, 2020

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: March 2nd, 2020

Gentle readers, tonight is the first March meeting of #a2council. Here's the agenda. Of note, it will be the first meeting since the council fired Administrator Howard Lazarus. DC-4 appoints CFO Tom Crawford interim administrator.

The evening kicks off with a modest 13 item consent agenda. Highlights are street closings for the Monroe Street Fair, Fool Moon, and FestiFools.

There are two public hearings on the docket this evening. PH-1/DB-1 is approval of the site plan for the Satndard, a new building going in at 405 S Main, which is currently a DTE Building. This is coming to council with unanimous support from planning commission. My understanding is that this is a by-right development so I don't expect too much oposion. PH-2/DB-2 is a routine township island rezoning in Ann Arbor.

Elsewhere, DC-5 is a resolution regarding the Police Chief. It basically acknowledges the Norris Report and says the Chief "acknowledges and affirms those fundamental police values in his response letter; and that Chief Cox demonstrates an understanding of his need to provide clear communication of those fundamental values and is committed to that practice."

Well gentle reader, what do you think about the plan to fire Administrator Lazarus? What agenda items are you most interested in? Make sure you tune into the action tonight at 7 on CTN. As always, you can follow the #a2council hashtag on twitter too.

Complete Streets in the Winter: A case for municipally-funded snow and ice removal on our sidewalks

A Tragic, Preventable Death

Where Mr. Derick fell. The crosswalk continues
to be neglected after another snowfall
On Saturday, January 18th of this year, snow began to fall in Ann Arbor, slowly tapering off through the next day. By the end of the weekend, 6 inches of snow blanketed the city.  The local news stations warned of its weight, calling it “heart attack snow.” Many millions of dollars in municipal snow removal equipment sprang into action, clearing the city and county streets for cars and trucks in time for the morning commute on Monday, January 20th.

And while our community pays to keep our streets cleared and salted, the sidewalks are a different story. After the heavy snow, many residents began the task of shoveling the wet and heavy snow, but too often, areas remained neglected for days. What was left was a treacherous, patchwork network of sidewalks and crosswalks for pedestrians to navigate, with the snow steadily compacted into ice.

Richard Derick, an 88 year old Ann Arbor resident, stepped outside into the afternoon sunshine days later to walk his dog, Sammy. It was one of those rare beautiful Michigan winter days - crisp and cool but clear - perfect for a short walk to Sweetwater’s in Kerrytown. It would be his last. As Derick approached a crosswalk at Division, cars stopped to let him safely cross. According to this account, a mound of snow and ice remained uncleared at the crosswalk, and as he stepped over it, he fell. He would die the next morning from a bleed in his brain.

In the days afterwards, some on our City Council spoke out about the importance of residents promptly clearing snow and ice from crosswalk ramps and sidewalks. Just a month later, four days after a snowfall in February, we visited the site of Mr. Derick's accident and found it still slick, the ice slowly melting as temperatures hovered just above freezing.

A Climate of Unequal Accessibility

January 25th: Clear roads. Crosswalk ramps were still
iced-over at Huron High, a week after snowfall.
A compliance officer would investigate, 4 days later. 
Our local government makes it a priority to clear our roadways - there's even a tracking tool for anxious drivers who want to know when their street will be plowed. Drivers are often frustrated with the speed of local road plowing, but imagine if we required local homeowners to clear the road in front of their property, and your commute to work required faith that your neighbors would get the job done quickly. How long would we tolerate it? As Amy Crawford recently argued in Slate the way a city handles snow says everything about how it treats pedestrians..

This is exactly what we do for sidewalks, and when snow falls, it forces our most vulnerable citizens to use poorly-plowed and icy walkways for days, sometimes weeks at a time. We mandate private property owners to maintain, shovel, and de-ice their adjacent sidewalks, but all too often it's not done in a timely manner, if ever. Using a stroller, walker, or wheelchair becomes a nightmare, and winter weather can leave our disabled and elderly citizens stranded.

The City of Ann Arbor has recently launched a few initiatives that emphasize the importance of using nonmotorized transit, including declaring a climate emergency in 2019. A2Zero is a plan to become carbon-neutral by 2030, and non-motorized transit is key to achieving that goal. Vision Zero is "prioritizing investments in the transportation network, including roads, sidewalks, paths, bike lanes, and public transit." If our sidewalks remain treacherous for days after each snowfall, how can we expect our population to embrace walking, biking, or public transit?

Our Current Model: A2"Fix"It

This area was reported on January 25th, 1 week after the snowfall.
The app showed it was investigated a month later.

In 2014, Ann Arbor partnered with SeeClickFix to launch A2 Fix It, a citywide reporting application, which accepts citizen reports of everything from pothole repairs to missed trash pickups, and routes them to city staff for review. In winter, app users can notify the city that some sidewalks remain uncleared. To put it another way, you can use it to tattle on your negligent neighbors. 

The system should work like this: a pedestrian notices an uncleared sidewalk, and promptly notifies staff through the app. The city sends out staff quickly to investigate, who clear the snow and ice, and fine repeat offenders to promote compliance. In practice, there are often days of lag time between each of these steps in the snow removal process, and fining those in violation has not been an effective deterrent.

In one recent example, a long stretch of sidewalk near Huron High School was reported via A2FixIt to be still iced over a week after a snowfall, on January 25th. The City of Ann Arbor acknowledged the issue and closed the ticket on February 20th, a full month after the snow had fallen. 

In a recent Michigan Daily article, the Ann Arbor Community Standards department admitted the trouble in ensuring prompt response times, due to chronic understaffing. It’s easy to see why such a system would work poorly for this purpose. There are multiple potential failure points - perhaps the sidewalk isn’t reported for a couple days (or longer), and city staff is often overwhelmed with requests and must prioritize. Judging by the number of repeat offenders, the fine-based system does not seem to incentivize good snow removal practices. 

SnowBuddy: "Simply Transformative"

One local neighborhood has shown a different way. The SnowBuddy program in Ann Arbor's Water Hill neighborhood, where a team of volunteers operate and maintain snow removal equipment, ensures every sidewalk and crosswalk in the neighborhood is walkable all winter. In the same year A2FixIt launched, Paul Tinkerhess and a group of neighbors came together to create a nonprofit volunteer-run snow removal service, with the mission of keeping all the walkways in the neighborhood clear, all winter long. They solicited donations from those in the neighborhood, and purchased commercial-grade equipment designed to remove snow all the way down to the concrete, using plows and brushes, and spray treatments for ice. Lisa Brush of SnowBuddy says the service has been "simply transformative" for the neighborhood in winter, allowing all to freely and safely use the sidewalks regardless of disability or income. 

The program has been both effective and popular in the neighborhood. After a couple years of operation, the team began to advocate for winter sidewalk maintenance citywide. To gather data, they traveled to Burlington, Vermont, where the city assumes responsibility for all winter sidewalk maintenance. 

In Spring this year, the SnowBuddy team will be releasing a report to the city, updating options for citywide clear and safe winter sidewalks. The previous 2018 SnowBuddy report already showed, from surveys of Ann Arbor citizens, are that our sidewalks remain impassable during the winter months, that there is broad support for municipal snow clearing, but that a volunteer-driven service is not a sustainable model for municipal snow removal. "It's a heavy lift," Brush says. The volunteers work hundreds of hours, and it's not something that could scale up to cover the whole city.

The Burlington system, where the city owns the equipment and pays the staff, could also be difficult to replicate here - our parks department has said it does not have sufficient year-round work for such a large team of employees - and maintenance of equipment. It is possible that the city would contract walkway treatment out to private companies.

The city of Grand Rapids did just that in 2019, with a small pilot project to contract out snow removal for 100 miles of selected sidewalk routes in the city, when 2 or more inches of snow falls. The City of Holland, Michigan heats its sidewalks with miles of underground pipes carrying waste-heat cooling water from the local powerplant - a dream energy-efficient solution, but impractical in our city.

$50 a year, for completely clear sidewalks, citywide

Snow turning to ice, as children walk to school.
Near Clague Middle School, uncleared sidewalks abound.
The city has estimated a Burlington-type program to cost $2.7 million to launch, with an as-yet-unknown amount of money for yearly costs. The SnowBuddy team has their own set of estimates set to be released in early Spring, but in the meantime our crackerjack team of Damn Arbor mathematicians came up with a conservative estimate for yearly cost, at  less than $2M dollars annually. This number is based on the cost of walkway snow and ice management in Burlington, adjusting for miles of sidewalk, but not for snowfall, even though Burlington has much more snowfall than A2. 

Because the city of Ann Arbor does not have an extra $2M of headspace in its yearly budget for such a program, funding options must be considered. Funding could come from a public-private partnership seeking grants (if any are available), setting up special assessment districts, or a new millage with dedicated funds be put before the voters. 

If we choose a millage, the exact amount required could be determined by further study, but a Headlee override of 0.4 mills would more than cover the startup cost and yearly estimates above. Such a millage would cost the average Ann Arbor homeowner just $48 a year.

Next steps

With the recent declaration of a climate emergency, the time is now to push forward on this. SnowBuddy has already proven the transformative power of having walkable paths all winter long, serving as a pilot project for our city. It is an election year for city council, with every ward in the city holding competitive elections. We have reached out to candidates and current City Council members, and will be posting their takes soon.

We have a simple choice to make. We can accept our current situation, where miles of sidewalks remain unsafe for weeks each winter, or we can spend a reasonable amount of money each year to ensure safe sidewalks citywide year round, and make Ann Arbor walkable for everyone. 

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: February 18 2020

Sidewalk Special Assessment District #60 from CA-7
Buckle up gentle readers, because tonight's #a2council meeting is going to be off the chain. Will there be animus? Yes. Raised voices? For sure. Yelling? Probably. Frustrated pen clicking? You betcha. Here's the agenda. In an effort to not bury the lead, the spiciest chili on tonight's agenda is DC-8, a motion to terminate the employment agreement with Administrator Howard Lazarus. This is sponsored by CMs Eaton and Lumm. The motion would fire Lazerus without cause, granting him one year of severance pay. It needs 6 votes to pass.

On to the consent agenda! There are only 16 items, but it'll probably take a while just to get through everything that gets pulled. CM Bannister indicated that she was going to pull the Barton sidewalk special assessments CA-6 and CA-7. Seems like building sidewalks near a school should be a no brainer, but here we are. It's hard because in the past Ann Arbor allowed people to build houses without sidewalks. My understanding is that most houses have sidewalks in the city from when they were built. Thus, the cost of the sidewalk was factored into the original construction of the building. Because of this, the way we pay for new sidewalks is by assessing property owners for the footage of sidewalk being constructed on their easements. These special assessments can be spread out over several years so as not to hit a property owner with a single giant payment. Sidewalks are important, especially if we want to make it easier and safer for people to not drive.

There are two public hearings on tonight's docket. PH-1/B-1 is on an ordinance to change how commissioners are appointed to boards. PH-2/DB-1 is on a township island annexation on Newport Road. Recently township island annexation has become a little spicy, so we will see how this goes.

In old business, we have DC-1 and DC-2. The first is the resolution to establish the city mobility committee. The second directs the "City Administrator to review existing policies and procedures on communications between City staff and Councilmembers, recommend improvements as needed to support City Council’s goal of improved communications through collaboration, transparency, and accuracy of information, and report to City Council any improved policies or procedures by March 31, 2020."

DC-5 is a resolution to support the Washtenaw Housing Alliance's Affordable Housing Pledge. Another interesting item is F-2, the Transportation Commission's recommendation for a statewide crosswalk ordinance.

Well gentle reader, what do you think about the plan to fire Administrator Lazarus? What agenda items are you most interested in? Make sure you tune into the action tonight at 7 on CTN. As always, you can follow the #a2council hashtag on twitter too.

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Apple Season Review

William Faulkner famously wrote: The past is never dead. It’s not even past.

Those words ring true throughout theater Nova’s production of E.M. Lewis’ Apple Season. The central idea—a woman returns to the home where she grew up after the death of her father—is not original to this play but the fabulous direction by David Wolber on a heartbreakingly idyllic set (designed by Monica Spencer) make it fresh and interesting. Apple Season finds Lissie Fogerty (played by Alysia Kolascz) back in the orchard during the titular season, hours after the conclusion of the funeral for her father. As she picks the Northern Spies and the Mountain Roses, high school classmate Billy (played by Jeremy Kucharek) arrives, asking how she has been doing in the decades since she abruptly left town and ultimately inquiring about purchasing the orchard from her.

The action soon flashes back to the past, which finds Lissie and older brother Roger (played by Matthew Swift) as kids in the apple trees, hiding from shots being fired from a .22. It quickly becomes apparent that this tranquil apple orchard produced a horrific past for the Fogerty siblings.

The play swings back and forth between past and present, from a playful scene from outside the high school, to an emotionally wrenching conversation at a water tower, to the funeral that happened earlier that day. All three actors breathe brilliant life into what could have been cliché characters in the hands of lesser actors. Audience members feel the incredible grit tinged with vulnerability in Lissie, the warmth of the kindhearted, earnest Billy, and the pain of the selfless, stoic but hurting Roger. Ultimately, Lissie must decide how to reckon with a past that isn’t, as Faulkner said, past. Taking those steps with these characters is an emotional, beautiful, haunting journey that is hard to forget.

Apple Season runs through February 23 at Theater Nova.

Patti Smith is a teacher, writer and historian who lives in Ann Arbor.

Monday, February 3, 2020

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: February 3, 2020

Gentle readers, it's time for you #a2council preview. Here's the agenda.

We start the evening off with a small, 13 item consent agenda. There are three street closings: one for the National Training Institute Opening Ceremony, July 26; one for Take Back the Night, April 2; and one for Artober fest, October 16.

There are two Public Hearings. PH-1/B-1 is for an ordinance that would create spaces for voting youth members on the Environment Commission. Here youth is defined as 16-25. I like this, but let's have youth members be 14-18 and be on all our commissions. PH-2 is for a routine township island annexation. At the Council Caucus meeting last night a CM mentioned that this was not opposed, so this will likely not have any discussion at tonight's meeting and pass easily. There has been a plan for Annex township islands for over two decades. There is really no good reason for an #a2councilmember to oppose the township island annexation plan.

C-2 is the first reading of an ordinance that would give boards and commissions a greater role in sourcing new members. DC-2 is a resolution supporting the EPA designating the Gelman Plume a superfund site. This was postponed at the last meeting. DC-3 would establish a new City Council Committee, the Mobility Committee. DC-4 is a vaguely worded rule resolving "That Council strive to improve its effectiveness by focusing on three components of excellent governmental communications:" Collaboration, INformation that is accurate, complete and timely, and Transparency.

And there you have it gentle readers. Make sure you tune into CTN tonight at 7pm to check out the action. And as always, you can follow the blow by blow action on the #a2council hashtag.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: January 21, 2019

Gentle readers, tonight is a special Tuesday edition of #a2council. Here's the agenda for your perusal.

The evening kicks off with a moderate, 19 item consent agenda. It's street closing season: CA-2 through CA-6 are all street closings for various races and festivals.

There are no public hearings tonight. There are several pieces of old business. C-1 is the historic entertainment sound district. My understanding is that this is like a noise overlay for most of downtown in order to ensure music venues and clubs can avoid noise complaints. C-2 would create two youth voting members (aged 14 to 25) for the environment commission. It would be cool to see this on all commissions. DC-1 is a resolution form last October that supporting the EPA's active intent to make the Gelman Plume a Superfund Site.

A particularly spicy chili on tonight's agenda is DS-1, a resolution to eliminate on-street parking on Barton Drive from Longshore to Pontiac Trail. The pavement on the road is in poor condition and the city is going to be resurfacing the street and installing larger water mains. The street is currently too narrow to support parking, vehicular traffic, and dedicated bike lane. There is little street parking on Barton between the 14 onramp and Pontiac Trail. This resolution would eliminate a few on street parking spaces and allow for dedicated bike lanes on a fairly popular bike route, at least based on the Strava Heat Map. In the picture below Barton is the most popular east-west path for cyclists between the Border to Border trail and Joy Road.

Given, the city's vision zero goals and the recent decoration of a climate emergency, you would think that eliminating a few on street parking spaces in order to improve the ease and safeness of cycling would be a no brainer. Nevertheless, there is some opposition from the people that oppose the loss of parking spaces. 20 people from 17 addresses, mostly along the 600 and 700 blocks of Barton, have signed a petition opposing the loss of on street parking. In contrast, 56% of 32 participants at a city sponsored meeting for residents supported losing the parking spots to make bike lanes as well as 75% of the 204 respondents to a city wide survey. Finally, nearly 150 people signed a petition supporting the construction of the bike lanes. The scuttlenbut from Council Caucus on Sunday is that this might not have the votes needed to pass.

And there you have it gentle readers. Make sure you tune into CTN tonight at 7pm to check out the action.

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Ypsilanti is Getting a Film Festival

Exciting news this morning. Ypsi is getting its own film fest. Independent Film Festival Ypsilanti (IFFY) will be at the Riverside Arts Center April 16 through April 18th. Local filmmakers Donald Harrison, and Martin Thoburn are co-founding/co-directing IFFY. They are teaming up with Juliet Hinely and Hafsah Mijinyawa who will each curate a program of short films and artists. The festival will announce its schedule in March and will feature local filmmakers. When asked about why they were starting the festival, Harrison had this to say "Ypsi's a dynamic city with a strong cultural tradition. We're starting IFFY to reflect that, respond to it, and we're excited to see how it might grow in our community."

Personally, I am very excited about IFFY. Stay tuned for more updates.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: January 6, 2020

Gentle readers, tonight is the first #a2council of the new decade. Yay. Here's the agenda. The evening kicks off with a respectable 20 item consent agenda. CA-16 is a contract to purchase multi-factor authentication software from local software firm Duo Security. CA-20 would add a police lutienient to the Ann Arbor Police Department's roster.

Diving further in, there are, gasp, no public hearings on the docket tonight. DC-1 is a resolution supporting the EPA becoming involved with the Gelman Plume and encouraging its designation as a Superfund site. DC-2 authorizes appeals of the city's denied petitions for township island annexation.

I think that's mostly it, a relatively light agenda to ease us into the decade. Gentle readers, what agenda items are you most interested in? Make sure you tune in to the action tonight 7:00 on CTN and follow along with the #a2council hashtag on twitter.

Monday, December 16, 2019

Ann Arbor City Council Preview: December 16, 2019

Seasons greetings gentle readers! Tonight is a magical night, the final night of #a2coiuncil for the decade. Here's the agenda.

There is a deep consent agenda with 23 items. Of note: CA-8, the contact for Community Visioning and Master Land Use Plan Services. This is the outreach of the master plan update. At last night's caucus meeting, there was talk of delaying this. So expect it to be pulled. There is also CA-17, which would prepare plans for the Jackson Ave sidewalk gap elimination project.

There are 3 public hearings on the agenda this evening. PH-2/DB-1. This is a resolution to approve the Project Site Plan a project on Hideaway Lane.

DC-1 is a resolution to support center of the city interim use and long term planning. So that could be contentious.

DC-3 is a resolution to endorse HB 4738, which would create a statewide crosswalk law. While this may sound good, it would supersede and weaken Ann Arbor's Crosswalk Ordinance. HB 4738 would make it so that cars must yield to pedestrians within crosswalks. Ann Arbor's Ordinance makes it so cars need to yield to pedestrians waiting to cross at crosswalks. To make cars yield the right-of-way, HB 4738 would make a pedestrian enter a crosswalk. This may seem minor for able-bodied people, but imagine someone who uses a wheelchair, or a parent pushing a stroller to have to put the stroller into the intersection before cars would have to yield. Ann Arbor's Crosswalk Ordinance is about changing behavior, and HB 4738 would weaken it.

Gentle readers, what agenda items are you most interested in? Make sure you tune in to the action tonight 7:00 on CTN and follow along with the #a2council hashtag on twitter.